Pottery


Pottery
   The use of pottery for storage vessels and eating utensils began during prehistoric times and continued throughout Egyptian history. Pottery is found in sites in the eastern Sahara and Sudan dating back to 9000–8000 BC. It appears in Egypt in the seventh millennium from sites in the Fayumand Merimda Beni Salama. Hand made painted pottery became common during the Predynastic Period with such distinctive designs as the Badarian and Naqada sequences. From these pieces, Flinders Petrie divised a scheme of sequence dating pottery, which is especially useful for working with objects from nonhistoric periods of time.These early periods are distinguished by their handmade pottery. The use of the potter’s wheel appears to have originated in Dynasty 4or Dynasty 5. Scenes of pottery production appear on Old Kingdomtombreliefs. The pottery of the historic periods is decorated in a simpler manner, is more utiliarian, and has not been the subject of detailed studies until recently. Scholars can now differentiate the types of clay used, for example silt or marl clays, and they are beginning to identify the exact locations of manufacture. Kilns used in the production of pottery have been discovered in excavations, like those found at predynastic Hierakonpolis. Imports of foreign pottery from Syria-Palestine, Crete, and Greece can prove useful dating tools as well.
   See also Badari, El-; Tell el-Yahudiya.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • POTTERY — appears for the first time in the Neolithic period, around the middle of the sixth millennium B.C.E. For two reasons, it serves as a major tool for the archaeological study of the material culture of ancient man: first because of its extensive… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • pottery —    Pottery (or ceramic) objects, both intact and broken, make up a large portion of the moundlike debris piles, or tells, found all over Mesopotamia. Indeed, vessels, figurines, and other artifacts of baked clay were the most common products… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Pottery — (spr. Patterih, d. i. die Töpferei), ein[443] 21/2 QM. großes, bes. durch Wedgwood angebautes Thal des oberen Trent im nordwestlichen Theile der englischen Grafschaft Stafford, mit Steinkohlenminen u. Thongruben, darin 14 Ortschaften, darunter… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • POTTERY —    Pottery found in Etruria is generally defined technologically and artistically into a number of distinct forms: coarse pottery or impasto, fine black burnished and heavily reduced (deprived of oxygen in the kiln) bucchero, and black glazed and …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Pottery — Pot ter*y, n.; pl. {Potteries}. [F. poterie, fr. pot. See {Pot}.] 1. The vessels or ware made by potters; earthenware, glazed and baked. [1913 Webster] 2. The place where earthen vessels are made. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pottery — late 15c., “a potter s workshop,” from O.Fr. poterie (13c.), from potier (see POTTER (Cf. potter)). Attested from 1727 as “the potter s art,” from 1785 as “potteryware.” …   Etymology dictionary

  • pottery — [n] containers made from clay; clay art ceramics, crockery, earthenware, firing, glazing, porcelain, porcelainware, stoneware, terra cotta; concepts 174,259,494 …   New thesaurus

  • pottery — ► NOUN (pl. potteries) 1) articles made of fired clay. 2) the craft or profession of making such ware. 3) a factory or workshop where such ware is made …   English terms dictionary

  • pottery — [pät′ər ē] n. pl. potteries [LME poterye < MFr poterie < potier, potter < pot, POT1] 1. a place where earthenware is made; potter s workshop or factory 2. the art or occupation of a potter; ceramics 3. pots, bowls, dishes, etc. made of… …   English World dictionary

  • pottery — /pot euh ree/, n., pl. potteries. 1. ceramic ware, esp. earthenware and stoneware. 2. the art or business of a potter; ceramics. 3. a place where earthen pots or vessels are made. [1475 85; POTTER1 + Y3] * * * I One of the oldest and most… …   Universalium

  • Pottery — Pot and Pots redirect here. For Pot, see Pot (disambiguation). For POTS, see POTS (disambiguation). Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum …   Wikipedia


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